Reducing chronic stress to promote health in adults: the role of social prescriptions and social movements.

Bird W, Adamo G, Pitini E, Gray M, Jani A.

Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. 2020;113(3):105-109.


There has been a rise in long-term conditions which is not just caused by people living longer. For example, among US children and adolescents, during 2002–2012, the annual incidence of type 1 and type 2 diabetes increased by 1.4% and 7.1%, respectively.1 Many long-term conditions such as diabetes, depression, anxiety, cardiovascular disease and dementia tend to cluster in areas of deprivation, which creates a gap between the life expectancy of the rich and the poor. These conditions also tend to cluster in the same person, with 23% of adults having two or more chronic conditions (ranging from 7% of those under 45 years of age to 51% of those 65 years or older) with a significant deterioration of quality of life with each co-morbidity.2

To understand the cause of this developing problem and why current policies will continue to fail to address it, we need to understand what is happening at the community, individual and cellular levels.


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